Any food made from wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley or another cereal grain is a grain product. Bread, pasta, oatmeal, breakfast cereals, tortillas, and grits are examples of grain products.
Grains are divided into 2 subgroups, whole grains and refined grains.
Whole grains contain the entire grain kernel ― the bran, germ, and endosperm. Examples include: whole wheat bread, pitas or pasta, or cereals, brown rice, oatmeal and popcorn.
Refined grains have been specifically processed to offer a finer texture by removing the bran and germ. This helps to improve shelf life, but it also removes dietary fiber, iron, and many B vitamins. Some examples of refined grain products are: white bread and pasta and white rice.
Grain products are important for carbohydrates (a top source of energy) and certain B vitamins. Some whole grain foods also supply dietary fiber. Read the chart below for ways to add whole grain foods to your day.