Have been making these for several years, they are great. When I got the recipe, in a Food and Family magazine, it came as a chart, with columns of options to mix and match. You can use 10-12 oz. any cooked seafood, any cheese, any finely chopped or shredded veggie, any relish or chutney. Have used both Mayo and Miracle Whip. Have never used the carrots, though. Be sure to use a non-stick pan, and coat heavily with pan spray, or use a light coating of oil. I don't press in the pan. I scoop onto parchment paper and press into patties. Be sure to let them sit at least 10 min. as directed, and use boiling water, not just hot water. Never have a problem with them not holding together, nor with sticking to pan. Don't have your heat too high.